“Transportation/Mobiliy Mode” and “Activity Recognition” are two very related topics, since many studies consider “Walk/Run” as activities.

In this survey, I mainly focus on courier-related activities/mobilities (e.g. walk/riding) while ignoring other activities/mobilities (e.g. car/bus/keystroke).


  • Activity Recognition

  • Transportation/Mobiliy Mode


  • Data Source: CDR, IMU, Acc.
  • Sampling Rate: 100Hz, 5/16/50/100Hz, 10Hz,
  • Methods: ML, HMM,


  • Sampling Rate is one of the key barriers when applying the methods


  • ISWC12: Energy Efficiency
    • Acc., 5/16/50/100Hz, ML
    • Trade-off between sampling frequence and classification performance.
SamplingRateEnergyTradeoff_ISWC12 DifferentSamplingRatePeformance_ISWC12
  • SenSys13: Accelerator
    • Taxonomy: Accelerator, 100Hz, ML+HMM,
  • SenSys15: Device Heterogeneities
    • In-depth study of device heterogeneities on activity recognition.
  • TBD17: Activity-based
    • Taxonomy: CDR,
  • MobiCom18: Closting Gap
    • Taxonomy: IMU, 10Hz,


[ISWC12] Yan, Z., Subbaraju, V., Chakraborty, D., Misra, A., & Aberer, K. (2012, June). Energy-efficient continuous activity recognition on mobile phones: An activity-adaptive approach. In ISWC (pp. 17-24). Ieee.

[SenSys13] Hemminki, S., Nurmi, P., & Tarkoma, S. (2013, November). Accelerometer-based transportation mode detection on smartphones. In ACM SenSys (pp. 1-14).

[SenSys15] Stisen, A., Blunck, H., Bhattacharya, S., Prentow, T. S., Kjærgaard, M. B., Dey, A., … & Jensen, M. M. (2015, November). Smart devices are different: Assessing and mitigatingmobile sensing heterogeneities for activity recognition. In ACM SenSys (pp. 127-140).

[TBD17] Jiang, S., Ferreira, J., & Gonzalez, M. C. (2017). Activity-based human mobility patterns inferred from mobile phone data: A case study of Singapore. IEEE Transactions on Big Data, 3(2), 208-219.

[MobiCom18] Shen, S., Gowda, M., & Roy Choudhury, R. (2018, October). Closing the gaps in inertial motion tracking. In ACM MobiCom (pp. 429-444).